Resources for Women’s History Month

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In honor of Women’s History Month, here is a sampling of resources about women, especially focused on the early Jesus followers, the New (Christian) Testament, nascent Christianity, and the ancient (Western) world. We are grateful for the scholars (both male and female) who have brought women out of the shadows over the past several decades!


Abrahamsen, Valerie. “Burials from Greek Macedonia: Possible Evidence for Same-Sex Committed Relationships in Early Christianity,” Journal of Higher Criticism, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Fall 1997) 33-56.

Abrahamsen, Valerie. Women and Worship at Philippi: Diana/Artemis and Other Cults in the Early Christian Era. Portland, ME: Astarte Shell Press, 1995.

Abrahamsen, Valerie. “Women at Philippi: The Pagan and Christian Evidence,” Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 3 (Fall 1987) 17-30.

Beavis, Mary Ann and Ally Kateusz, eds. Rediscovering the Marys: Maria, Mariamne, Miriam. London and New York: T&T Clark, 2020.

Boulding, Elise. The Underside of History. Boulder, CO:  Westview Press, 1976; rev. ed., Sage Publications, 1992.

Brooten, Bernadette. Women Leaders in the Ancient Synagogue, Brown Judaic Studies no. 36. Chico, CA, 1982.

D’Angelo, Mary Rose. “Women Partners in the New Testament,” Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion 6 (1990) 65-86.

Glancy, Jennifer A. Slavery in Early Christianity. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2006. Original hardcover edition Oxford University Press, 2002.

Kraemer, Ross Shepard and Mary Rose D’Angelo, eds., Women and Christian Origins New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

  • Articles in Kraemer and D’Angelo, eds., Women and Christian Origins:
    • Castelli, Elizabeth A., “Paul on Women and Gender,” 221-35.
    • Kraemer, Ross S. “Jewish Women and Christian Origins,” 35-49.

Lefkowitz, Mary R. and Maureen B. Fant.  Women’s Life in Greece and Rome.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

Metzger , Bruce M. and Michael D. Coogan, eds., Oxford Companion to the Bible. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993.

  • Articles in Metzger and Coogan, eds., Oxford Companion to the Bible:
    • Abrahamsen, Valerie. “Women in Early Christianity,” 814-18.
    • Brooten, Bernadette J. “Junia,” 405.
    • White, Sidnie Ann. “Women in the Second Temple Period,” 812-14.

Meyers, Carol, Toni Craven and Ross S. Kraemer, eds., Women in Scripture: A Dictionary of Named and Unnamed Women in the Hebrew Bible, the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books, and the New Testament. Grand Rapids, MI, and Cambridge, England: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2000:

  • Articles in Meyers, Craven and Kraemer, eds., Women in Scripture:
    • Bassler, Jouette M. “Julia,” 106-07.
    • Bassler, Jouette M. “Mary 7,” 124.
    • Bassler, Jouette M. “Mother of Rufus,” 469.
    • Bassler, Jouette M. “Persis,” 134.
    • Bassler, Jouette M. “Phoebe,” 134-36.
    • Bassler, Jouette M. “Prisca/Priscilla,” 136-37.
    • Bassler, Jouette M. “Sister of Nereus,” 470.
    • D’Angelo, Mary Rose. “Mary 2,” 119-20.
    • D’Angelo, Mary Rose. “Tryphaena,” 165-66.
    • D’Angelo, Mary Rose. “Tryphosa,” 166.
    • Kraemer, Ross S. “Apphia,” 52-53.
    • Kraemer, Ross S. “Chloe,” 62-63.
    • Kraemer, Ross S. “Elect Lady,” 500-01.
    • Kraemer, Ross S. “Elect Sister,” 501.
    • Kraemer, Ross S. “Eunice,” 78-79.
    • Kraemer, Ross S. “Lois,” 109-10.
    • Kraemer, Ross S., “Nympha,” 132-33.
    • Limberis, Vasiliki. “Mary 1,” 116-19.
    • Osiek, Carolyn. “Mary 3,” 120-23.
    • Osiek, Carolyn. “Mary 4,” 123.
    • Osiek, Carolyn. “Mary 5,” 123.
    • Osiek, Carolyn. “Mary 6,” 123.
    • Pervo, Richard I. “Joanna,” 102-03.
    • Pervo, Richard I. “Susanna 2,” 158-59.

Schiff, Stacy. Cleopatra: A Life. New York: Back Bay Books/Little, Brown and Company, 2010.

Schüssler Fiorenza, Elisabeth. In Memory of Her. New York: Crossroad Publishing Co., 1983.

Walker, Barbara G. The Woman’s Dictionary of Symbols and Sacred Objects. San Francisco: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1988.

Walker, Barbara G. The Woman’s Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets. San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1983.